Obesity


Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over individual’s ideal body weight, to an extent that it may have negative effect on health.

In general terms – Both overweight and obesity are when one’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is unhealthy.

Body Mass Index is a measure of weight in relation of height.

BMIItemsGRADE
≤ 18.5Underweight
18.5 – 24.9Normal
25.0 – 29.9Overweight
30.0 – 34.9ObesityI
35.0 – 39.9ObesityII
≥ 40Extreme ObesityIII

Calculation of BMI :

Calculate Body Mass Index (BMI) =

Weight (Kg) / Height squared (meters)

OR

Weight (pounds) x 703 /Height squared (inches)

obasity

विकृति – Pathophysiology

Obesity is resulted from disruption of अग्नि (Agni)
Agni is responsible for conversion of food in seven basic धातु (Dhatu – elements – building blocks)
These seven Dhatu are Ras – Rakta – Mamsa – Med (fat) – Asthi – Majja -Shukra

Disrupted agni resulted in production of low quality of Dhatus (Specially Med Dhatu – Fat tissue), which are called Aam (Toxins)

Increased low quality of Dhatus, clogged communication channels श्रोतस (Shrotas), which carries nutrients and dhatus throughout the body.

The clogging of Shrotas aggravate Vata Dosha (वात दोष)

Aggravated Vata Dosha further disturb the Agni, causing repetition of events which causes obesity.

This cyclic process is responsible for obesity.

हेतु – Common cause factor of Obesity:

अव्यायामाद्दिवास्वप्नान्मेद्यानां चातिभक्षणात ।
मेदोवाहिनी दुष्यन्ति वारूण्याश्चातिसेवनात ॥

  • Sedentary life (absence of exercise or lack of physical activities)
  • Sleeping during day time
  • Consumption of excessive food energy / calories
  • Excessive intake of Guru, Snigdha food
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Female are more susceptible to suffer from obesity
  • Psychogenic factor plays important role in causing obesity like emotional deprivation, depression, Smoking
  • Regular intake of certain drugs tend to increase weight
DiseaseExamples
DiabetesInsulin, Sulfonylureas
DepressionTricyclics
SeizuresValproic acid, Tegretol
HypertensionClonidine, α-blockers,β-blockers
HormonesProgesterone

उपद्रव – Effects of Obesity on Health

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, depression, gynecological diseases, hypertension

obasity-illustration

चिकित्सा – Treatment of Obesity :

Multi-facet approach is required for the treatment of obesity

 

Panchakarma Treatment

To remove excessive Aam (toxins) – One should undergo Panchakarma treatment which removes excess Aam from system

 

Ayurvedic Herbs

To improve Agni and balance Dosha – One should take Specific Ayurvedic herbs prescribed by Ayurvedic Physician

 

Ayurvedic Diet Regime

Diet: Dietary advice is main part in the treatment of Obesity. It covers up three important aspect of diet regimen.

  • Low energy diet
  • Avoidance of Incompatible food
  • Food according to one’s प्रकृति (Constitution)

 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES

Various physical activity should be included in daily routine like Brisk walk, swimming, cycling etc. Please do not start any vigorous physical activity before consulting doctor.

 

COUNSELLING

Evaluation of emotional factors causing obesity and removal / avoidance of these emotional factors is necessary in successful treatment of obesity.

 

A strong commitment is the first and foremost requirement apart from all above treatment. Because most of the time people left the treatment in short duration of time and wanders from one doctor to another, jumping from one treatment to another, trying different methods.

It is advisable to give reasonable amount of time to any treatment or diet regimen or daily regimen to see it’s positive effects.